The 2015 CDM Regulations
The Construction Design and Management Regulations set out the responsibilities of the dutyholders on a construction project. Below we give some short guidance on what we see as the main responsibilities, but you should check on your responsibilities; guidance for each CDM 2015 dutyholder is available on the CITB web site at www.citb.co.uk.
The minimum safety standards when erecting a building
The site practices given below apply to all sites.
The surface of the site should be sufficiently prepared to take the plant planned for use on the project and is safe for foot traffic.
The steelwork and purlins be erected using a crane or telehandler. Access to height should be from powered access - Mewp. Any person working from a Mewp should be competent to do so and should be wearing a safety harness correctly fixed at all times.
Before the roof is sheeted either a handrail or other suitable protection should be provided at the edge of the building on all eaves and gables. The building should also be netted by a competent person using the correct safety nets. Side sheets and gutters should be fixed using powered access or scaffolding.
Where other methods must be used their safety assessment needs to show that they are at least as safe as the above.
In addition to the above minimum safety standards the CDM Regulations place extra responsibilities on all parties involved in a building contract.
When does CDM apply?
The Regulations apply to all construction projects in the UK. There are additional notifications for those projects where construction work is notifiable and likely to take more than 30 days AND has more than 20 workers, working simultaneously at any one point OR exceeds 500 person days. Construction work covers the clearing of the site through to the fitting out of the building. The requirements of CDM 2015 apply whether, or not, the project is notifiable.
The responsibility of the Client:
1.1. Ensure that everyone appointed to work on the project has the necessary capabilities to carry out the tasks required of them.
1.2. Be satisfied that those appointed will allocate adequate resources to health and safety
1.3. Provide information about the site (e.g. power cables in the ground, restrictions to the site, asbestos or other dangers)
1.4. Allow for sufficient time and resources
1.5. Must not set unrealistic building programmes that jeopardise safety.
1.6. Ensure that a construction phase plan has been prepared before work starts on site and that the designers and contractors comply with it.
1.7. Ensure that adequate welfare facilities are available.
1.8. If there is more than 1 designer nominate one to be the Principal Designer
1.9. If there is more than 1 contractor on site nominate one to be the Principal Contractor
Where a Client states the layout of the building, or where it is to be placed, or the type of construction or cladding to be used, he could be considered a Designer.
Where the client employs more than 1 Contractor on site at any one time the client could be considered the Principal Contractor (PC) unless he has nominated one of the Contractors to be the PC.
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